DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the genetic code that determines all the characteristics of a living thing. A genome is the entire genetic code for an individual.
Genomics is the study of entire genomes. Insights into an individual’s genome, a cohort of genomes, or in some cases the genome of diseased tissue, can help us understand the risk or nature of disease. These insights have the potential to deliver more precise treatment strategies with the goal of improved health outcomes. Precision medicine is a rapidly growing field, and improving genomic datasets are contributing to its evolution.
Understanding an individual, or population’s genetic characteristics, may support public health strategies or personalised medicine. Examples of this could include: